North Atlantic Treaty Organization

 
 

Topic Summary

In accordance with the definition provided by UNICEF, a child soldier is “any child, boy or girl, under the age of 18, who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed group in any capacity.” In many parts of the world, thousands of children who fit this definition are currently being exploited by armed groups for purposes ranging from military use to forced sexual intercourse.

Regardless of the case, it is important to consider that this issue creates many immediate concerns such as increased risk of child deaths, injuries, and sexual abuse, in addition to longer-term effects including psychological and emotional negative impacts leading to increased attempts of suicide, alcohol and substance abuse, violent conduct, and decreased mental health in the future.

Therefore, in this committee, members of the United Nations Human Rights Council shall focus not only on protecting the rights of children in areas where these forms of child abuse are present and on preventing the future recruitment of child soldiers by armed groups (both forced and voluntary), but also on the many other critical facets related to the topic of “child soldiers.” This includes addressing the involvement of specific types of armed groups in the exploitations of children such as terrorist organizations and drug trafficking organizations, and also discussing the ways in which female child soldiers are directly impacted in particular.

Director’s Letter

Dear Delegates,

My name is Woojin Lim, and I am honored to be your director for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; I am looking forward to meeting and working with all of you at the 2020 conference! I am a sophomore at Harvard College concentrating in philosophy and a secondary in government. I chose the former because I like questioning and thinking through various issues, be it issues of climate change or in the ethics of artificial intelligence. On campus, I am also involved in our sister conference, Harvard National Model United Nations, and I also write for the school newspaper, the Crimson.

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I was born in Seoul, South Korea, and raised in Vancouver, Canada. Though my grammar is a little rusty, I speak fluent Korean and French, and currently am in the process of practising Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. I love to travel—in the past year, I’ve travelled to Seoul, Shanghai, Tokyo, Cape Town, and Toronto. If you ever want to talk about backpacking or about any or all things k-pop related, I am open to conversation!

I have a few years of MUN experience from high school. I had a chance to attend the Global Model NATO Summit, learning from and working with real-life NATO diplomats. Last year, I assistant directed the Historical North Atlantic Treaty Organization at HMUN and the Joint Crisis Committee at HNMUN. My goal for this committee is to deal with the increasingly prominent issues in global collective action, pertaining to the increasing threat of climate change, especially with the lens of Euro-Atlantic security. This will be both an informative and productive committee, with a number of different approaches to a resolution.

You all will be bringing varying levels of experience to committee, but no matter where you stand, by listening to discussions from far and close, considering and weighing different possibilities, you learn so much more about the world around you. MUN truly offers a new learning experience every iteration. Try not to be so caught up in the competitive nature of HMUN and focus more on the valuable opportunity to work on improving your diplomacy and negotiation skills, and to exchange ideas with other delegates.

Do not hesitate to email me with any questions or concerns; I will reply as soon as possible and am happy to provide and information you may need. I cannot wait to meet you all!

Sincerely,

Woojin Lim

Director, North Atlantic Treaty Organization